Living Construction: Post-Graduate Studio of Bamboo Construction, School of Architecture, Southeast University

Living Construction

Post-Graduate Studio of Bamboo Construction, School of Architecture, Southeast University

The works of studio were selected to be exhibited at “Sharing and Regeneration”, the Collateral Event of the 15th International Architecture Exhibition/ La Biennale di Venezia 2016

Masterplan of the 22 Duck-pens, Shuangmiao Village, Lin’an

Nature, as the summation of space and time, propagates between heaven and earth. Agriculture and construction were once the dream jobs for human, working and recuperating in accordance with natural propagation and topographic venations, reaching a balance between human's demands and nature’s giving. 


Knitting Topography, Shuangmiao Village, Lin'an

The Cocoon, Shuangmiao Village, Lin'an

Chinese centuries-old agricultural civilization has been following production rhythm of seeding, ploughing, reaping and storing from spring to winter. Traditional NongJia’s thinking emphasizes the feasibility of farming work to seasons, topographic venations and propagation of crops. Wang Zhen at 13th Century, in “Agricultural Book”, presented a diagram of “Timing Based Propagation” representing the revolvingorder of seasons, being the most integrated summary of agricultural propagation between the shifting seasons in ancient China.


Fluttering Bamboo, Shuangmiao Village, Lin'an

In the traditional concept of agrarian China, construction is comprehended as a contract with earth and heaven, spaceand time. The nature of construction is observing the tendency and defending cohesion of QI inside topographic venations. Within the spatiotemporal coding of Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches, every step of building a house possesses its feasibility or infeasibility to timing. Code weaved jointly by time and space compiles composition of the universe and fate of beings.

The Waves, Shuangmiao Village, Lin'an

Bamboo, absorbing spiritual power from nature, growing between shifts of seasons, solidarizes firmly with nature. Bamboo cannot serve as primary materials when the construction is applied to resist abrasion from time, or to seek for eternity. When the lifespan of construction conforms to the rhythm of nature, bamboo, becomes the sustainable material possessing most naturality.

Masterplan of the 6 Duck-pens, Lianhuadang Farm, Yixing

La Specola, Lianhuadang Farm, Yixing

Teachers and students from School of Architecture, Southeast University, conducts teaching and practice based on the conception of Living Construction in the regions south of the Yangtze River, with most prosperous culture of rice cultivation—mountainous area of Lin’an, Zhejiang Province, and reticula lake area of Yixing, Jiangsu Province. Following supersedure of nature, the primordial material of bamboo abound in the local area was chosen, adopting primitive technics and craftship, to construct agriculture infrastructures as duck pens for natural farming of Rice-duck Mutualism. In ShuangMiao Village, Lin’an, the teaching process contains four steps — field investigation, theoretical study, model design and insitu construction. 32 graduate students, under tutorial ofteachers and local bamboo craftsmen, worked for 12 days in the field, and finally constructed 22 duck pens, meeting the farming requirements of Rice-duck Mutualism. In Lianhuadang Farm, Yixing, teaching focuses on the research study of local natural materials such as bamboo and clay, as well as relative traditional technics, combining consideration of organic agriculture and Rice-duck Mutualism. 6 bamboo infrastructures were built possessing functions of duck breeding and sight viewing. 

Ponte Bamboo, Lianhuadang Farm, Yixing

The Shadowing, Lianhuadang Farm, Yixing

Teaching and practice of Living Construction discusses the locality and sustainability of materials and technics in rural context, likewise, how the once enduring unremitting cultivation and construction in nature could survive and regenerate in the conditions du jour of mass production and excessive consumption. Teachers and students, experienced interconnection between construction and places, between people and local natural conditions, and more fundamentally, sought for the understanding of the relationship between human and earth, production and propagation, construction and nature.

Team Members


Tong ZHANG, Professor, School of Architecture, Southeast University

Peng TANG, Associate Professor, School of Architecture, Southeast University

Jian JIAO, Lecturer,School of Architecture, Southeast University

Haoru CHEN(Guest tutor), Associate Professor,School of Architecture, China academy of Art



Zifeng GUO/Bin LYU/Duc Vien LE

Jingping LIU/Xiaojun TANG /Yaokun LIU 

Danhong MA /Xing ZHENG /Wenzhou ZHONG 

Chenglong YUAN /Lida HUANG /Yating CHEN 

Haoteng YANG /Yuan YAO /Jieying LIU /Nan YAN 

Yibo ZHANG/Kun QIAN/Wenju QI

Xuanqian LI /Peisen QIAO/ Junyu PAN

Weihao SHI/DongqingFANG/Zhengping XU

Weixian ZHAN/Lu SUN/Fangxin JIANG

Yiming GUO/Junjun ZHANG/Changjiang YU



Xu HUANG/Qi JIANG/Yang XU/Tengfei MA/Xiaomei SHI


Amanov Aman/Peng GU/YuxiangNI/Congwei ZENG/Yuan ZENG

Weiwei ZHANG/Mengyuan ZHU

Na DOU /Xufen CUI /Kaiqiang SU 

Xiao WANG /Junwang YU /Xinkai ZHANG 

Peichao XU /Yajing REN/Meng ZHANG